Authors: Dhyah Mutmainnah, Tjutju Yuniarsih, Disman, Janah Sojanah, Muji Rahayu, Iman Sidik Nusannas
Year: 2020, Volume 29 No. 2
This study aims to examine the influence of leadership and employee motivation on innovative work behavior and to explain the relationship between employee motivation and innovative work behavior due to the Work-from-Home policy as a moderator. The number of samples in this study were 100 employees. To test the empirical model, the analysis used Partial Least Square Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). The results showed that there is a direct influence of leadership on motivation, which means that leadership can increase motivation; Leadership has a direct effect on Innovative Work Behavior, meaning that leadership can increase Innovative Work Behavior; There is a direct influence of motivation on innovative work behavior, meaning that motivation can increase innovative behavior; Furthermore, there is an indirect influence of Leadership on Innovative Work Behavior through Motivation as a mediating variable, meaning that leadership can indirectly increase innovative behavior through work motivation, but with the Work-from-Home policy as a moderating variable it does not strengthen the influence of employee motivation to encourage innovative work behavior. The implication is: if a leader is good it will be followed by an increase in employee motivation, if motivation increases it will be followed by an increase in employee innovative behavior. However, the role of the Work-from-Home policy as a moderating variable weakens the influence of employee motivation variables on innovative work behavior.
Keywords: Innovative Work Behavior, Employee Motivation, Leadership, Work from Home
JEL Classification: B2, D3, G2