Authors: Indah Elychia Samuel, Maryunani, Dwi Budi Santoso, Susilo
Year: 2020, Volume 29 No. 2
This study aims to identify and identify empirically: (1) What are the leading sectors that can promote inclusive economic development in North Sulawesi Province? (2) What is the impact of the leading sectors in increasing employment in North Sulawesi Province? (3) What is the impact of the leading sectors in increasing per capita income in North Sulawesi Province? Theoretically, the results of this study are expected to enrich and complement the knowledge of regional economic development, especially in determining the sector leading using Input-Output table analysis with the theory of Unbalance Growth, so that it can be useful for academics and practitioners as well as the region. The research area is North Sulawesi Province with available table analysis tools, namely the Input-Output table in 2014 and updated into the Input-Output table in 2018. The number of sectors in the table or 58 x 58 matrix. The table is divided into three quadrants, namely quadrant I of the transaction matrix , quadrant II the final demand component and quadrant III the Input component. Updating the Input-output table for 2018 was carried out using the RAS method with data collection using the non-survey method, namely based on data available at the Central Bureau of Statistics in North Sulawesi Province and other available data. Final demand component data is taken from BPS data on GRDP based on expenditure and household consumption SUSENAS data in the table year. Input components are taken from GRDP according to business fields and income. This research shows the results (1) Table IO in 2014 and 2018 each has 10 leading sectors (2) There is a change in one leading sector in the IO table in 2014 and 2018, namely the Chemical, Pharmaceutical and Traditional Medicine Industry sector in 2014 as the leading sector in the year 2018 changed to not superior and was replaced by the Animal Husbandry sector and its products. (3) Five of the ten leading sectors contributed the highest total multiplier, namely Construction; Health Services and Social Activities; Food and Beverage Industry; Air Freight; and Land Transportation. (4) The five sectors are Inclusive sectors. (5) Four Inclusive Sectors namely Construction; Food and Beverage Industry; Air Transportation and Land Transportation; contributed more to the Output multiplier, while the Inclusive Health Services and Social Activities sector was more dominant in the Labor Multiplier. Two Inclusive Sectors namely Construction and Food and Beverage Industry; although they are more dominant in the Output multiplier, these two sectors also have high income multiplier numbers compared to other Inclusive sectors. (6) three Inclusive sectors, namely Construction; Food and Beverage Industry; and Health Services and Social Activities are Priority Inclusive Sectors, namely sectors that play an important role in accelerating inclusive economic development in North Sulawesi Province.
Keywords: Leading Sectors, Inclusive Sectors, Priority Inclusive Sectors, Input-Output Table Analysis, Inclusive Economic Development
JEL Classification: F2,G1,H3